Yes, there are. Nowadays, for many surgical procedures, the methods have moved away from traditional surgery, migrating to less invasive techniques. Minimally invasive surgery uses specially created surgical instruments that allow surgeons to perform very small incisions.
For example, one of the most common procedures in abdominal surgery is laparoscopic surgery. This involves, during the intervention, the insertion in the abdomen of carbon dioxide, and, in the created space, will be performed the surgery, with special instruments. A camcorder created using the latest technologies is introduced into the body cavity, and then, on small TV screens, the surgeon can see clearly inside the patient`s abdomen.
Robotic surgery too uses special, minimally invasive tools. The surgeon makes all the specific movements, but with technology and tools that allow him/ her to see better, to control the instruments intuitively and to operate from an ergonomic and comfortable position. The perception is that you are there, inside and operating, as in open surgery, although you work minimally invasively, with the robot, outside the patient’s body. The surgeon handles miniature surgical instruments much more precisely.
More and more surgical interventions are performed by minimally invasive methods nowadays, however, they are not suitable for anyone or in any case. The physician is the only one who can determine whether minimally invasive surgical methods are appropriate for a particular patient.
The benefits of minimally invasive surgery are numerous and include the following:
- The duration of the surgery is generally shorter than in the case of the traditional interventions, and thus, for the patient, the stress and suffering are significantly reduced.
- The pain is less intense in the case of minimally invasive surgical procedures, the state of discomfort being much diminished compared to the operations performed by the traditional methods. Studies have shown that patients who have undergone minimally invasive interventions have reported less severe pain, requiring smaller amounts of analgesics than in the case of traditional surgery.
- The hospitalization period is shorter, which allows the patient to return to their daily activities sooner.
- Minimally invasive surgical procedures require smaller incisions, therefore scars will be smaller too – invisible in most cases. The cosmetic result is incomparably better than in the case of the traditional surgical interventions.
- Most traditional operations involve long incisions, made through the muscles. Muscles require quite a long time to heal after the operation. With regard to minimally invasive surgery, the incisions are short and often do not affect muscles. Therefore, the tissue suffers less damage and the recovery time is shorter.
- Most minimally invasive surgical procedures have a higher accuracy rate than traditional ones. Using video equipment that allows for a perfect visualization of the structure of internal organs, surgeons are more accurate during interventions.
Minimally invasive procedures are using newer technologies, and surgeons have an ever-expanding range of surgical instruments and techniques that make surgical procedures accessible and providing better results.
Minimally invasive surgical technologies are widespread throughout the world, their increasing number exceeding that of traditional surgical interventions. These represent an important breakthrough in contemporary medicine, having applications in most of the surgical fields and excellent benefits for patients.